Transitional Expressions

    Transitional expressions help achieve coherence and establish relationships among sentences which are choppy and/or hard to follow. Think of transitional expressions as "connectors"--words that link ideas in sentences and paragraphs together. Occasional use of them can help you vary your sentence structure, as well as lead you to draw conclusions you might not have thought of otherwise. This list, taken from The Little Brown Handbook, gives some possibilities.

      To add or show sequence

      again, also, and, and then, besides, equally important, finally, first, further, furthermore, in addition, in the first place, last, moreover, next, second, still, too

      To compare

      also, in the same way, likewise, similarly

      To contrast

      although, and yet, but, but at the same time, despite, even so, even though, for all that, however, in contrast, in spite of, nevertheless, notwithstanding, on the contrary, on the other hand, regardless, still, though, yet

      To give examples or intensify

      after all, an illustration of, even, for example, for instance, indeed, in fact, it is true, of course, specifically, that is, to illustrate, truly

      To indicate place

      above, adjacent to, below, elsewhere, farther on, here, near, nearby, on the other side, opposite to, there, to the east, to the left

      To indicate time

      after a while, afterward, as long as, as soon as, at last, at length, at that time, before, earlier, formerly, immediately, in the meantime, in the past, lately, later, meanwhile, now, presently, shortly, simultaneously, since, so far, soon, subsequently, then, thereafter, until, until now, when

      To repeat, summarize, or conclude

      all in all, altogether, as has been said, in brief, in conclusion, in other words, in particular, in short, in simpler terms, in summary, on the whole, that is, therefore, to put it differently, to summarize

      To show cause or effect

      accordingly, as a result, because, consequently, for this purpose, hence, otherwise, since, then, therefore, thereupon, thus, to this end, with this object