Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, 1902 - February 4, 1987), one of the most influential psychologists of the twentieth century, developed Client-centered counseling (also called non-directive counseling). Rogers later renamed his approach Person-Centered Counseling to reflect the fact that his theory could be applied to all interactions among people, not just to those between client and therapist. He is most well known for popularizing the terms empathic understanding, unconditional positive regard, and congruence (or genuineness). Rogers' approach has been instrumental in the manner in which counseling and therapy is applied today, and aspects of his approach are used in almost all psychotherapeutic settings. Rogers, who was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize, was a humanitarian and educator and spents years traveling the world to help bring peace and understanding to groups at conflict with one another.
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