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George O. White III, J.D., LL.M., Ph.D.

Dr. George O. White III

Assistant Professor of Management & International Business

Department of Management & International Business Program

2167 Constant Hall

Norfolk, Virginia 23529

Phone: 757-683-3836

Fax: 757-683-3258

Email: gowhite@odu.edu


Dr. White is an Assistant Professor of Management and International Business in the College of Business and Public Administration at Old Dominion University. He was previously an Assistant Professor of International Business and Strategy in the School of Management at the University of Michigan-Flint. Dr. White teaches international business in the PhD, MBA, and undergraduate programs. He also teaches business policy and strategy to undergraduate students.   

Dr. White's expertise lies in international business strategy. His research studies the interaction between regulatory institutions and multinational enterprise (MNE) strategic behavior and performance outcomes, primarily in Southeast Asian and emerging market contexts. Within this domain he investigates: (1) phenomenon associated with MNE foreign subsidiary nonmarket strategies (e.g., business-government interaction), and (2) MNE cooperative relationships as they relate to formal contracting and conflict resolution strategies. Dr. White is currently conducting a multi-year research study, with colleagues from the Asian Institute of Management and Ateneo de Manila University, investigating the influence of regulatory institutions on (both public and private) electric cooperative performance outcomes in the Philippines. He has also performed extensive fieldwork in the Philippines surveying senior executives of MNE foreign subsidiaries. Dr. White's research has been published in International Business Review, Journal of International Management, Thunderbird International Business Review, International Journal of Conflict Management, as well as leading international law journals. He is a member of the Editorial Board for the Journal of Asia-Pacific Business, and serves as a reviewer for a number of journals including the Journal of Management Studies, Journal of World Business, International Business Review, Journal of Business Research, and the International Journal of Conflict Management.  

Dr. White has received several honors and awards, including the Best Reviewer Award from the Academy of International Business, the Best Reviewer Award from the Academy of Management (International Management Division), and the Golden Apple Award in Teaching Excellence from the University of Michigan-Flint. Dr. White studied Mandarin Chinese in Taiwan on an Academic Language Exchange Scholarship at Feng Chia University and was an alternate for the prestigious Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office (Ministry of Education) Chinese Language Scholarship.

Dr. White earned a B.A. in History (emphasis on Asia) from the University of Alabama in 1995 and a certificate in Mandarin Chinese from Feng Chia University in Taichung, Taiwan in 1997. He went on to earn a J.D. in Law and Certificate in International Law from the Thomas M. Cooley Law School in 2001; an LL.M. in International Commercial Law from the Graduate School of Law at Emory University in 2002; an MBA in General Management from the College of Business Administration at the University of Texas at El Paso in 2006; and a Ph.D. in International Business (emphasis in international strategy) from the College of Business Administration at the University of Texas at El Paso in 2008. He was also a post-graduate student in Asian studies at the Center for Asian Studies, University of Alabama.

Before attending the University of Texas at El Paso, Dr. White worked as a Research Fellow and Visiting Professor of International Business Law and Global Commerce at Hebei Normal University, and as an Adjunct Professor of International Business Law and Global Commerce at the Shijiazhuang College of Law and Commerce, both in Shijiazhuang, P.R.China. He is still affiliated with Hebei Normal University as an Honorary Professor. He was also appointed by the municipal government as an Economic Adviser to the Shijiazhuang National Hi-Tech Industry Development Zone in the P.R.China. During graduate school he interned with the United States Agency for International Development (Asia and Near East Bureau) in Washington, D.C. and taught English as a second language in Taiwan. Dr. White has consulted on variety of projects concerning MNE nonmarket strategies, foreign direct investment, and WTO rules and policies in Southeast Asia and the P.R.China. He has studied, worked, and lived in the Philippines, the P.R.China, Taiwan, and Hungary.

Dr. White is a member of the Academy of International Business, Academy of Management, Strategic Management Society, and Asia Academy of Management.


  • Ph.D., International Business (emphasis in international strategy), University of Texas at El Paso
  • M.B.A., General Management, University of Texas at El Paso
  • LL.M., International Commercial Law, Emory University
  • J.D., Law (concentration in international law), Thomas M. Cooley Law School
  • B.A., History (emphasis on Asia), University of Alabama
  • Certificate, International Law, Thomas M. Cooley Law School
  • Certificate, Mandarin Chinese, Feng Chia University
  • Post-Graduate Studies, Asian Studies, University of Alabama

Courses Taught

  • Doctoral Seminar in International Business (BUSN 800)
  • International Business Issues (INBU 631) (team taught) 
  • Global Business (INBU 450)
  • International Business Operations (MGMT 361)
  • Business Policy and Strategy (MGMT 485W)

Research Interests

  • MNEs and legal systems/regulatory institutions
  • MNE political behavior in volatile environments
  • Foreign subsidiary nonmarket strategies  
  • MNE cooperative relationship conflict resolution strategies 
  • Doing business in Southeast Asia

Selected Publications

White, G. O., Boddewyn, J. J., & Galang, R. M. N. Legal system contingencies as determinants of WOFS political tie intensity. Journal of World Business, Forthcoming [special issue on global governance and international nonmarket strategies].

White, G. O., & Hemphill,T. A. Wholly owned foreign subsidiary government relation-based strategies in the Philippines: Regulatory distance and performance implications. In T. C. Lawton & T. Rajwani (Eds.), The Routledge Companion to Nonmarket Strategy. Routledge Press. Forthcoming. 

Fainschmidt, S., White, G. O., & Cangioni, C. 2014. Legal distance, cognitive distance, and conflict resolution in international business intellectual property disputes. Journal of International Management, 20: 188-200.

White, G. O., Hemphill, T. A., Joplin, J. R. W., & Marsh, L. 2014. Wholly owned foreign subsidiary relation-based strategies in volatile emerging market environments. International Business Review, 23: 303-312.

White, G. O., Hadjimarcou, J., Fainshmidt, S., & Posthuma, R. A. 2013. MNE home country cultural norms and conflict strategy fit in transnational business contract disputes. International Business Review, 22: 554-567.  

Hemphill, T. A., & White, G. O. 2013. China's national champions: The evolution of a national industrial policy-Or a new era of economic protectionism? Thunderbird International Business Review, 55: 193-212.

Galang, R., Lavado, R., & White, G. O. 2013. Imposing cooperation: The impact of institutions on the efficiency of cooperatives in emerging markets. Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings.  

Canabal, A., & White, G. O. 2008. Entry Mode Research: Past and Future. International Business Review, 17: 267-284.

White, G. O., Joplin, J. R. W., & Salama, M. F. 2007. Contracts and conflict resolution strategies in foreign ventures: A transaction cost perspective. International Journal of Conflict Management, 18: 376-390.

White, G. O., Bao, Y., & Brouthers, L. E. 2007. Manufacturing and selling in China. In T. J. Wilkinson & A. R. Thomas (Vol. Eds.), Marketing In The 21st Century: New World Marketing (Vol. 1): 65-80. B. D. Keillor (Gen. Ed.). Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.

Posthuma, R. A., White, G. O., Dworkin, J. B., Yanez, O., & Swift, M. S. 2006. Conflict resolution styles between co-workers in U.S. and Mexican cultures. International Journal of Conflict Management, 17: 242-260.

White, G.O. 2003. Enter The Dragon: Foreign Direct Investment Regulations In The PRC. North Carolina Journal of International Law & Commercial Regulation, 29(1): 35-58.

White, G.O. 2003. Navigating The Cultural Malaise: Commercial Dispute Resolution in the People's Republic of China. Tennessee Journal of Business Law (Transactions), 5(1): 55-72.

White, G.O. 2003. Foreigners at the Gate: Revolutionary Changes on the Central Kingdom's Landscape--Foreign Direct Investment Regulations and Dispute Resolution Mechanisms in the People's Republic of China. Richmond Journal of Global Law & Business, 3(1): 95-141.

White, G.O. 2001. Foreigners Beware? Investing in a Jungle With Many Predators: The ASEAN Investment Area. Texas International Law Journal, 37(1): 157-176.  

White, G.O. 2001. From Snowplows to Siopao-Trying to Compete in a Global Marketplace: The ASEAN Free Trade Area. Tulsa Journal of Comparative & International Law, 8(1): 177-199.

Contact Information

Email: gowhite@odu.edu

Office: 757-683-3836

Fax: 757-683-3258

Office Hours

Tuesday: 6-7 p.m.

Thursday: 1-4 p.m.