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Hoodia sp. Rosh Pina, Namibia. 16 September 2001. Asclepiadaceae

Hoodia sp. (Asclepiadaceae) in succulent karroo vegetation dominated by Euphorbia dregeana near Rosh Pinah, southern Namibia. September 2001

Welcome to the Old Dominion University Plant Site!

I have amassed a large number of slides during my teaching and research career at Old Dominion University. In addition, I worked at the University of Virginia Mountain Lake Biological Station, University of Khartoum, An Najah University, University of Jordan, Au Sable Institute of Environmental Studies, American University of Beirut, and Aleppo University. At each of these institutions I produced slides for teaching. Accessing all these pictures for lectures became increasingly arduous as more and more slides were added to my collection. While "one picture is worth a thousand words," students were exposed to thousands of "words" in only hundreds of seconds. Now that they are on a web site, the slides are accessible for study without any time limit.

This site is a data base for plant slides and other images, i.e., scanning electron micrographs, diagrams. To date, about 10 000 have been loaded. These reflect my research interests in parasitic plants, Isoetes, flora of southeastern Virginia, Bible plants, peat mosses, and vegetation of Jordan and Syria. Because of my current work on Hydnora, I have a separate section for that fascinating genus.

All of the pictures were taken by me, except as noted. If I have inadvertently included a picture and not acknowledged the photographer, I apologize.

Lytton John Musselman



Plant image data base-This is the largest component and includes all vascular plants, mosses, and fungi though there are separate sites for peat mosses and mushrooms as well. I am slowly phasing out these sections, new images are added to the general data base.  Search-To locate a plant, type in the Latin name, genus, or family. Some pictures have common names.

Other Components

Bible Plants

For each entry there is a short essay as well as accompanying images.  For many there is a corresponding treatment from a Bible dictionary contributed by George E. Post (see below).  Many of the entries have not been updated as a result of the publication of my book, Figs, Dates, Laurel, and Myrrh: Plants of the Bible and the Quran (Timber Press 2008). Additional images are accessed through the plant site search engine.

Blackwater Ecologic Preserve

The plan is to include pictures of all the species that occur at the preserve. At present, the following are posted: Checklist of the plants of the Zuni Pine Barrens; Introduction to the geology, botanical history, pictures from several controlled burns, overview of longleaf pine in Virginia; Zuni in winter; and extracts from the preserve management plant.

Flora of Jordan

Checklist of the Plants of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan-A comprehensive list of all the known vascular plants of Jordan.

George Edward Post

This site is devoted to a pioneer botanist of the Middle East, George Edward Post (1838-1909).  I have written an account of his botanical activities and am locating and editing his letters. 

Gilled and Non-Gilled Mushrooms

A list of images of fleshy fungi (some lichens are included) comprise this site.

Great Dismal Swamp

A checklist of species is provided with images and one article.


Pictures from the Isoetes research team are posted here. These are in several formats: 35mm slides, scanning electron micrographs (SEM), and thumbnails.

Parasitic Plants

This site reflects my long standing research interest into parasitic vascular plants.  Various articles are included, the genus Hydnora highlighted.

Peat Mosses

For several years we have been studying the genus Sphagnum in Southeastern Virginia and some other regions.  Their images are posted here.

Plants of Syria and Lebanon

A comprehensive list of all the known vascular plants of these countries based on extant floras and additional field work. There are numerous images of the Lebanese flora.

Plants of Dauphin Island, Alabama

This site is based on the work of Dr Rebecca Bray who has conducted extensive research on the vegetation of Dauphin Island in the Gulf of Mexico.



In general, I encourage the use of images from this web site for educational purposes.  However, no image should be reproduced without permission.